Medicinal Plant Cultivation is the best way for farmers to earn and to promote these sectors.The current scenario is where the whole world is scrambling to find a cure for the covid-19 pandemic. Many health experts have recommended boosting the body’s immune system, which can help reduce the impact. all the plants are more beneficial for the medical view.
And medicinal plants can help in recovery from the disease. So medicinal herbs have emerged as a saviour in this dire situation.
In India, the Ministry of AYUSH recommends drinking a decoction made from basil leaves, cinnamon, dry ginger powder and black pepper as a self-care and immunity-boosting remedy. The consumption of medicinal herbs is enhancing at a very fast pace. In such a situation, Medicinal Plant Cultivation will be a very profitable agribusiness for every farmer.
India has 15 agro-climatic zones, with 17,000-18,000 flowering plants, of which 6000-7000 evaluate for medicinal properties. These medicinal plants are used in many Indian societies & stored in medicine shops, such as Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, Sva-Rigpa and Homeopathy. About 960 types of medicinal plants are assessed in trade, of which 178 species have an annual consumption level of more than 100 metric tons.
India has solid health care practices that represent an age-old style of medicine. An important shared feature of Indian old style and folk health care traditions is their reliance on raw materials. This Raw material derived from a wide assortment of plant species, estimated to be around 6,500.
Demand & Supply of Medicinal Plants
The first effort has been made at the national level to survey the demand & supply of medicinal plants. The National Medicinal Plants Board undertook it during 2001-02. When it approved CERPA to understand the annual trade levels of selected 162 medicinal plant species. Since that time, the NMPB prepared a national report in 2006–07 to assess the demand and supply of medicinal plants in India. The review by FRLHT brought various complexities in the herbal sector to the surface. And added to the understanding of the subject identified with the trade-in different types of raw pharmaceutical substances, their botanical relationship, annual trade volume and supply sources.
Profit in Medicinal Plant Farming
Commercially, the cultivation of medicinal plants is one of the most profitable for the farmer. And also important for farmers. If one has enough land and knowledge of the marketing of herbs, he can earn a high income in very moderate investment in India. farmers get good benefits in Medicinal Plant Cultivation business, this business is good for the small, medium and big farmers. In the Indian market this is a more beneficial and earning business.
Cultivating medicinal herbs like Shankhpushpi, Atis, Kuth, Kutki, Kapikachhu, Karanja is an extraordinary opportunity for farmers. To enhance their income as well as change the Ayurvedic scene of Indian agriculture. According to the Center for Traditional Healing Health, there is always a demand for 25 important medicinal plants. They; Indian barberry, Licorice, bael, Isabgol, Atis, Guggal, Kertha, amla, sandalwood, senna, Babrang, long pepper, Brahmi, Jatamansi, and Madhunashini, Kalmegh, Shatavari, ashwagandha, Chirata, Katki, Conchpushpi, Ashoka, Giloy and kokum.
A farmer who grows Atis herb is used extensively in Ayurvedic medicine. For example, in the highlands of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. It can easily earn Rs 2.5-3 lakh for each acre of land. On the other hand, a lavender farmer can get Rs 1.2-1.5 lakh per acre of land from ratanjot cultivation, Rs 1.15 lakh per acre and Karu Rs 1.5-2 lakh per acre of land
Other than that, this equipment is a necessary part of the cultivation of medicinal plants. Therefore we recommend the Powertrac tractor for medicinal farming.
With previously mentioned medicinal herbs, Mint, Aloevera, Basil, Tulsi, Lemongrass, Coriander, and Ajwain are India’s most beneficial therapeutic yields.
During the most recent decade, more than 8000 types of wild plants utilising by the tribal. And other conventional communities use it in India for rewarding different medical issues. Around 30% of therapeutic arrangements are obtained from roots, 5% blossoms,7% seeds, 3% wood, 4% rhizomes, 6% stems, 10% organic products, 14% bark, 16% entire plants, 6% leaves and just under 20% of the species utilise are developed.
NMPB Offers Up to 75% Subsidy for Medicinal Cultivation
“National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB)” provides a subsidy of up to 75% to the farmers to activate the cultivation of medicinal plants all over India. NMPB has prepared schemes and guidelines for financial assistance. Various Safe Medicinal Plants Divide under relevant promotional and commercial schemes for both Government and Non-Governmental Associations.
Farmers across the country are getting financial assistance from the Ministry of AYUSH to empower the cultivation of herbs and other medicinal plants. A subsidy of up to 75 % is being given as a feature of a centrally sponsored scheme. Types are similar in social form to be equally applicable and equally similar to other types. It is necessary to develop equally as well. Agricultural cultivation requires changing 50% and 30% of other conditions.
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