Medical

Get to Know about the Polyaxial Screw and the Types and Level of Spinal Injuries

The spinal cords are the pathways that travel from the bottom of the brain to the back. The main function of spinal cords is to transmit nerve signals to the body and to control the main reflexes occurring in one’s body. There are several nerves that connect the leg, arms, chest, and abdomen of the body that sent commands to move.

As these cords are very sensitive to injury, it may lead to the total lowering of the body. But unlike other parts of the body, a spinal cord can repair itself. Spinal injuries are most commonly caused by trauma or by motor vehicle accidents. There are rare cases of non-traumatic causes of this injury by infections or tumors. Monoaxial screws and Polyaxial Screw is the widely used tool to fix this injury. Get the knowledge of variant types and levels of spinal cord injuries and how the fixation tool works on them.

Causes of Spinal Cord Injury:

Polyaxial pedicle screw

As told earlier, the main reason of the cause of this injury is traumas like a fall from a height, violence like gunshots and stabbings, and sportive accidents during diving, football, etc. they can also cause due to the compression of blood vessels where they will be stagnant or in a condition where they are unable to flow properly. Infections, inflammation, and tumors cause a high risk of this injury. The spinal cord requires ambient blood flow or supply to deliver oxygen and other nutrients to the body parts. So the compression of blood vessels can also be a reason for the spinal cord injury.

Types of Spinal Cord Injury:

There are two types of spinal injuries namely complete and incomplete spinal cord injury. Below listed are the features of these types:

  • Complete Spinal Cord Injury: In this type, there will be a complete loss of sensations and functions of the muscles. And also it causes permanent damage to the area of the spinal cord. Paralysis like paraplegia and tetraplegia are the result of this injury
  • Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury: It causes partial damage to the spinal cord. The mobility or the movement of the body depends on the severity of the damage caused to the spinal cords. In both cases, the body of the patient will be caused equally.

Levels of Spinal Cord Injuries:

The Cervical, lumbar, thoracic, and sacral are the four sections of spinal cords. Each section of the cord controls the nerves in the body and protects the spinal from various nerves. It is important to note that the severity of the injury depends on which part of the spinal cord was injured. The following are the variant levels of spinal cord injuries depending on the sections:

  • Cervical Spinal Cord Injury: This is affected in the region above the shoulder, that is, head and neck. And it is the severest part that the injury can cause. There will be an absent feeling of the neck if this injury is caused.
  • Thoracic Spinal Cord Injury: Upper chest, mid-back, and abdominal regions are the places where this level of injury is caused. It is caused mostly in the lower vertebrate column region.
  • Lumbar Spinal Cord Injury: Legs and the hip region of the body get immobile at this level. The patient will be required with the wheelchair at this level.
  • Sacral Spinal Cord Injury: This level mainly affects the pelvic organs, buttocks, and thigh regions.
Also Read - Why Companies Need Supplier Quality Management for Anterior Cervical Plate?

How effective is a Polyaxial screw?

Spinal cord surgery uses them to connect rods to vertebrae. Spherical heads surround a housing on this screw. Screws such as these are effective in cases of severe degeneration. Spinal cord surgery also uses monoaxial screws.

Final Words:

Are you in search o surgical fixing tools like the Polyaxial Screw? We, at MJ Surgical, promote trustworthy implanting screws on our site. Get to know about the further details from the given link: MJ Surgical. Try getting the permanent solutions for your injuries from our page.

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